How Do You Say…?

In Thai, we add the word “ขนาดนี้” [kanàad níi] or “ขนาดนั้น” [kanàad nán] after an adjective or an adverb to express a specific amount or extent of something. In other words, we say “ขนาดนี้” [kanàad níi] for “this much” and “ขนาดนั้น” [kanàad nán] for “that much.” Let’s take a look at the following examples for better understanding.…

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The expression “to keep (on) doing something” or “to continue doing something” in English can be expressed in Thai by using the structure of a “verb” followed by the word “ต่อ [tàw]” which means “to extend,” “to lengthen,” or “to prolong.” For example “กินต่อ [gin tàw]” means to “keep eating” and “พูดต่อ [pûut tàw]” means to “keep talking.” You can emphasize the meaning by saying “ต่อไปเรื่อยๆ [tàw pai reuâi reuâi]” instead of only “ต่อ [tàw].…

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When you think someone got themselves into trouble and they only have themselves to blame, you can say this to that person -> “อยากหาเรื่องเอง” [yàak hǎa reûang eeng]. The idiom “หาเรื่อง [hǎa reûang]” means “to seek trouble.”


A: ไม่น่าขึ้นบันไดเลย เมื่อไหร่จะถึงชั้นสิบเนี่ย รู้งี้ขึ้นลิฟต์ดีกว่า
[mâi nâa kêun bandai loei, mêua rài ja teǔng chán sìp nîa, rúu ngíi kêun lift dii gwàa]
I shouldn’t have taken the stairs!…

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You probably have learned that we use the expression “เพื่อที่จะได้…” [pêua tîi jà dâi] for “ order that..” but it’s quite a formal expression which you won’t hear often in spoken language. Also, we usually use it when we want to emphasize the purpose of an action. But normally, “จะได้” [jà dâi] is commonly used when we want to say “…so (that)…” or “ order that..” Below are some examples of how to use it in a sentence.…

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To say it’s easy or hard to do something in Thai, simply say the verb and then “ง่าย [ngâai]: easy” or “ยาก [yâak]: difficult”! Take a look at the examples below:

[ – – – Easy to + verb – – – ]

พูดง่าย [phûut ngâai] Easy to say

ให้ลืมเขาภายในหนึ่งวัน พูดง่ายจังนะ แหม
[hâi leum káo paainai nèung wan.…

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When you want to say if someone had or hadn’t done something, something else would or wouldn’t have happened, in Thai, we say “ถ้า(ไม่)… ก็คง(จะ)(ไม่)…” [tâa (mâi)… gâw kong (jà)(mâi)…]. Even though “คง(จะ)” [kong (jà)] translates to “probably,” the speaker is usually quite convinced about what they say. Therefore, “คงจะ” [kong (jà)] doesn’t always need to be translated.…

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When you want someone to stop talking, there are many ways to express that wish. One way is to say “หุบปาก [hùp pàak]” which literally means “Shut your mouth!”. You can also use “หุบปากไปเลย” [hùp pàak pai loei]” meaning “Just shut up!”. However, it’s a very rude and aggressive way to tell someone to be quiet.…

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In Thai, we say “เท่าที่รู้ [tâo tîi rúu]” for “as far as I know” or “for what I know.” We usually put the pronoun before the verb “รู้” [rúu]. For example, “เท่าที่ผมรู้ [tâo tîi phǒm rúu]” or “เท่าที่ฉันรู้ [tâo tîi chán rúu].” Sometimes, we also say “เท่าที่รู้มา [tâo tîi rúu maa]” with the word “มา [maa]” implying the time from the past to the present (similar to the present perfect tense in English).…

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If you want to compliment someone on having done a good job doing something in Thai, you can say “เยี่ยม” [yîam] meaning “Excellent!” or you can emphasize it by adding the adverb of degree “มาก” [mâak] (very / extremely) -“เยี่ยมมาก” [yîam mâak]. For example,

A: “ผมทำโปรเจคที่นายมอบหมายให้ผมทำเสร็จแล้วนะครับ”
A: [phǒm tam project tîi naai mâwp mǎai hâi phǒm tam sèt léaw ná kráp]
A: Boss, I’ve finished the project that you assigned to me.…

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In Thai, we say “ถ้าไม่อย่างนั้น” [tâa mâi yàang nán] for “Otherwise,..” which literally means “If not so.” However, you are probably more likely to hear the shorter versions of the expression, which are “ถ้าไม่งั้น” [tâa mâi ngán] and the most commonly used term, “ไม่งั้น” [mâi ngán].


กินข้าวให้หมดก่อน ถ้าไม่อย่างนั้นแม่จะไม่ให้กินขนม
[gin kâao hâi mòt gàwn, tâa mâi yàang nán mâe jà mâi hâi gin kanǒm]
Finish your dish first.…

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